Vitamin C, also known as L-ascorbic acid, is a powerful antioxidant, playing a major role in immune and joint health1.* It’s also a co-factor in the process of collagen synthesis, the main protein in joint tissues and bones2.*

Two enzymes are required for the collagen synthesis: prolyl hydroxylase and lysyl hydroxylase. Together with vitamin C, they define the strength of the joints’ tissue3.*

  1. EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products N and A (NDA). EFSA J. 2010;7(1924):1-28. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2009.1226.
  2. Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to vitamin C and protection of DNA, proteins and lipids from oxidative damage (ID 129, 138, 143, 148), antioxidant function of lutein (ID 146), maintenance of vision (ID 141, 142), collagen. EFSA J. 2009. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2009.1226
  3. Osipyants AI, Poloznikov AA, Smirnova NA, et al. Biochimie. 2018;147:46-54. doi:10.1016/j.biochi.2017.12.011


Back to Ingredients